Karate Terminology

COUNTING TO 10 IN JAPANESE
1. Ichi 3. San 5. Go 7. Sichi 9. Ku
2. Ni 4. Shi 6. Roku 8. Hachi 10. Ju

PUNCHES
Jodan Zuki – Punch to the head See video
Chudan Zuki – Punch to the mid-section See video
Gedan Zuki – Punch to the lower section See video
Yaka Zuki – Reverse punch See video

BLOCKS
Jodan Uke – High Block See video
Chudan Uke – Middle Block See video
Gedan Uke – Low Block See video
Shuto Uke – Knife-hand block See video

KICKS
Mae Geri – Front kick See video
Yoko Geri – Side Snap kick See video
Mawashi Geri – Roundhouse kick See video
Ushiro Geri – Back kick See video
Mikazuki Geri – Crescent kick See video

STANCES
Hachiji Dachi – A natural stance, feet about shoulder width apart, with feet pointed slightly outward
Heiko Dachi – A natural stance, feet about shoulder width apart, with feet pointed straight forward -- some Kata begin from this position See video
Musubi Dachi – An attention stance with feet pointed slightly outward
Kiba Dachi – Horse stance
Zenkutsu Dachi – Forward stance

OTHER BASIC KARATE TERMS
Bo - Staff. A long stick used as a weapon. Approximately 6 feet long.
Dachi – Stance.
Do – Way/Path. In Karate, the connotation refers to a way of attaining enlightenment or a way of improving one's character through traditional training.
Dojo – "place of the Way or enlightenment". The place where we practice Karate. Traditional etiquette prescribes bowing in the direction of the designated front of the dojo whenever entering or leaving the dojo.
Domo Arigato Gozaimashita – "Thank you very much". At the end of each class, it is proper to bow and thank the instructor and those with whom you've trained.
Geri – Kick
Gi – training uniform
Hai – "yes"
Hajime – "begin" A command given to start a given drill, Kata, or Kumite.
Hombu Dojo – a term used to refer to the central dojo of an organization.
Ippon Kumite – "One step sparring"
Jo – Wooden staff about 4'-5' in length. Originated as a walking stick.
Karate – "Empty Hand"
Karate Do – "The Way of Karate". This implies not only the physical aspect of Karate, but also the mental and social as aspects.
Karateka – practitioner of Karate
Kata – a "form" or prescribed pattern of movement.
Ki – Mind. Spirit. Energy. Vital-force. Intention.
Kiai – A shout delivered for the purpose of focusing all of one's energy into a single movement.
Kihon – "fundamental"
Kime – Focus of power
Mokuso – Meditation. Practice often begins or ends with a brief period of meditation, clearing of one's mind.
Nunchaku – An Okinawan weapon consisting of two sticks connected by a rope or chain.
Obi – a belt
Rei – Respect. A method of showing respect in Japanese culture is the bow.
Seiza – A proper sitting position.
Sempai – a senior student
Sensei – Teacher. It is usually considered proper to address the instructor during practice a "Sensei".
Shomen – Front or top of head. Also the designated front of a Dojo.
Tai Sabaki – body movement/shifting
Uke – Block
Waza – "technique"
Yame – "stop"
Yoi – "ready"
Zuki – Punch